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hold是什么意思

hold是什么意思

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hold是什么意思

hold

hold

[hold;

hould]

可数名词

1‘航海’船舱

stow the ~

将货物装进船舱

2 (飞机的) 货舱

hold

[hold;

hould]

《源自中古英语“饲养家畜”的意思》(held[h[ld; held])

及物动词

1 a. 拿住<物>,握…

~ a pen firmly

紧握笔

They held hands [each other's hands].

他们互握著手

b. 抓住<人> [手、腕等] [by]

He held me by the arm.

他揪住了我的手臂

c. [用手、腕等] 支撑…,抱著 [in,between]

The girl was ~ing a doll in her hand.

那女孩拿著洋娃娃.

He held his head in his hands.

他用双手托著头

The gentleman was ~ing a pipe between his

teeth.

那绅士叼著烟斗

2 a. 使…保持 <某种状态、姿态等>

~ the door open (for someone) (

为某人) (用手顶) 把门开著

~ oneself still [erect]

使身体不动 [笔直]

H your head straight a second.

把你的头抬直一会儿

~ a person in suspense

使人不安

Astonishment held me dumb.

我惊愕得说不出话来

→ hold one's head high.

b. 把<物>固定[在…],贴[在…][to, on]

~ binoculars to one's eyes

把双眼望远镜贴著眼睛

She was ~ing an ice pack to her head.

她把冰袋放在头上

3

a. <容器等>盛装<液体等>

This bottle ~s half a pint.

这个瓶子装半品脱

This box ~s all my books.

这个箱子装了我全部的书

b. <房间等>容纳<人>

This room can ~ fifty people.

这个房间可容纳五十人

c. 含有…

His tone held reproach [accusation] (in

it).

他话中带有责备的口气

4

a. 拥有 <金钱、土地等>

~ shares

拥有股份

b. 占据 <职位、地位等> ; 拥有 <学位>

~ an MD

拥有医学博士学位

He held office for eight years.

他就任公职有八年

c. (军事上) 占领 <阵地等> ,防守

~ a fortress

坚守堡垒

5 a. (心) 持,怀 <信念、意见等>

~ a belief [an opinion]

抱持信念[意见]

b. 把…留 [在记忆中] [in]

~ the event in memory

把那事件留在记忆中

c. 认为<人等>值得 [尊敬等] [in]

Many people held him in respect [esteem,

contempt].

许多人尊敬[轻视]他

6a. 认为,想,相信

Plato held that the soul is immortal.

柏拉图认为灵魂不朽

b. 把…视为<是…>; 把…判决<为…>

~ a person dear

惦念 [爱] 某人

~ a person [thing] cheap

轻视某人[某物]

I ~ myself responsible for what my son

did.

我对我儿子过去所作所为负责

The court found him innocent, but I still ~ him

(to be) guilty.

法庭裁决他无罪,但我仍然认为他有罪

c. 把…视为

She ~s his opinions lightly.

她轻视他的意见

7

a. 压抑,抑制,节制

~ one's breath

屏住呼吸

~ one's temper

抑制脾气,忍住怒气

There is no ~ing him.

拿他没办法,管不了他

b. 不发 <言语、声音等>

H~ your tongue [noise, jaw].

别吵,住口

8 召开<会议等>; 举行 <祭典、典礼、仪式>

~ a press conference [a meeting]

召开记者会 [召开会议]

Court is to be held tomorrow.

预定明天开庭

9

a. 保持…,维持…

~ silence

继续保持沉默

~ the course <

船、飞机等> 不偏离航线,持续前进

b. 吸引 <爱情、注意等>

He couldn't ~ her affection any longer.

他再也无法留住她的爱情

The sight held his attention.

这景象引起了他的注意

10

a. <物>耐得住 <重量等> ,支撑

The roof is held by several pillars.

这屋顶由数根柱子支撑著

The shelf will not ~ much weight.

这架子无法承受太大的重量

b. 不喝醉<酒>

~ one's liquor [drink]

喝了酒也不胡闹

11

使<人>信守[约定],使<人>尽[义务],使<人>负[责任][to]

~ a person to his word

使某人守信

12 <事物>[为…]准备…[for]

This contest ~s a scholarship for the

winner.

这场竞赛为优胜者准备了一份奖学金

Who knows what the future ~s ?.

谁也不知道将来会发生什么事

不及物动词

1 a. <绳子、船锚等> 持久不坏,经久耐用

If too many people get in the elevator, the

cable won't ~.

如果太多人进入电梯,钢缆将承受不住

b. 握住[…],抓住[…] [onto,to]

~ onto a rope

抓住绳子

2 a. <天气等>不变

I hope the weather will ~.

我希望这种天气会持续下去

His luck was still ~ing.

他的好运持续著

b. 持续<…的状态>; 持续<做…>

The weather held warm.

天气持续暖和

Please ~ still.

请不要动

H tight!.

抓紧!

c. 继续前进

~ on one's way [course]

继续前进

3 a. 有效,可适用

The rule does not ~ in this case.

这规则不适用于此一事例

b. 持续拥有<…的>效力

The argument [promise] still ~s good

[true].

此论据 [诺言] 仍然适用 [有效]

4 固守[…] [by,to]

H~ to your resolution.

不要动摇你的决心

5 意见相同; 赞成[…][by, with]

I don't ~ with [by] the proposal.

我不赞成那个提案

hold

?against a person 以…理由怨恨某人

She still ~s it against him that

he